After the Bon medical tradition, Tibet saw the emergence of new medical tradition with the visit of two Indian physicians Vijay-gaje and Bimala-gaje in the 4th century, during the reign of the 28th king of Tibet, Lhathothori sNyentsen (374-492) The king invited them to his court. Vijay Gaje was married to the princess Lhacham Yedkyi Rolcha. They had a son called Dung-gi-Thorchogchen. Later he became first Tibetan physician. However, the practice was confined only to the king's court.
During the reign, Songtsen-Gampo the great (617-650) and Trisong-Deu-Tsen ( 742 AD) invited several foreign physicians, Dharma Raj, Hashang Maha Kyinta Santigarbha, Guhevajra, sTong-gSum-Gangva, Hashang-Bal, Hangti-Pata, Hala-shanti, Seng-mDo-Vod-chen Khol-Ma-Ru-Tse, Dharm-Shila from India, China, Persia, Drugu, Dolpo and Nepal respectively. Eventually, the first International conference on Tibetan medicine was held at Samye monastery in the year 728. This conference was participated by Yuthok Yonten Gonpa-I, Drangti-Gyalnye-Kharphuk and many other renowned Tibetan physicians.
The great Rinchen Sangpo (958-1056) translated Astangahrdayam by Vagbhata in to Tibetan.
Yothog Yonten Gonpo-I, went to Konpo and established there the first medical institution called Ta-Na-Dug medical college, which is considered to be first medical school in Tibet. The tradition of conferring different degrees like sMen-Pa-bDus-Ra-Wa, Ka-Chu-Pa, Rab-Jams-Pa, and Bhum-Ram-Pa were also instituted during that period. Many scholars believe and consider that he was the basic architect of the rGyud-Shi.
Yuthog Yonten Gonpo-II (1126-1202) composed rGyud-shi based on the draft of the text of the Yuthok-I of the eighth century, which eventually became the principal text for all Tibetan Medical practitioners, except some ¬Bhum-shi practitioners in India, Tibet and Nepal. Eventually, few new traditions emerged from the 14th century.
In the 17th century, during the reign of the fifth Dalai Lama many medical schools like Sorig-Drophen-Ling, Drangsong-Duspai-Ling, Lhawang-Chok school and Sangphu-Nyima-Thang school were established after his enthronement
The Regent Sangye Gyatso (1653-1705) sought to standardize the theory and practice of medicine in conformity with the wishes of the fifth Dalai Lama, and established the Chogpori College of Medicine on the Iron Hill adjacent to the Potala Palace. He composed a number of medical works including a famous commentary on the rGyud-shi called Vaidur-sNyonpo and executed 79 Medical paintings.
During the thirteeth Dalai Lama, (1895-1933) a new college of medicine and astrology called sMen-Tsee-Khang was established in Lhasa in the year 1916. At present this institute is one of the premier medical institutions in Tibet and China.
At present there are quite a few Sowa Rigpa Tibetan Medical Institutes functioning in modern Tibet and India. These institutes are devoting their energy to preserve this unique healing system for the benefit of mankind.
- Effect of Bhot herbal compound on abdominal disorder, Management of hepatitis and liver disorders. Research on Diabetes Mellitus.
- Women's Health, jointly with Dr. Lesie R.Jaffe,USA and Dr. Tsering Youdon, BTMS.
- "Comparative study on rGyud-shi.
- Drug standardization (Tibetan Medicine).
- EDMG Project: A project to protect the medicinal herbs found in the Himalayan region on 16,000 ft above sea level in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh, at a space of 5.47 acres.
Department faculties are engaged with the exchange programs and lecture series to the national and international Universities such as Emory University USA, Tasminia University Australia, Smith College USA, Wankong Digital University South Korea etc.
- Clinic, contributes to the better health of the society and facilitate the students for practical course.
- Pharmacy: Pathology Lab: The objective to establish the lab is to make the students familiar with the modern medical technology.
- Medicinal Herbal Garden: A herbal garden called Kalachakra Medicinal Garden has been established to grow medicinal herbs for practical purposes as well as to study the possibility of planting more herbs in this environment. More than a hundred variety of herbs has been planted in this garden. It is also the aim that the students may be taught to identify the herbs, their characteristics and places where they could be found in India.
- Dr. Dorjee Damdul - Associate Professor & HOD
- Prof. Lobsang Tenzin - Professor
- Dr. A. K. Rai - Guest Faculty
- Shri V.K. Patil - Lab. Tech. (Contractual)
- Shri Tenzin Gelek - T.A (Contractual)